Our collaborative research focuses on teenage girls’ fiction published in the United States and United Kingdom, between 1910 and 1965. These rich sources provide us with an opportunity to examine the cultural constructions of female identity in popular literature. We seek to investigate the ideologies of transnational femininity found in teenage fictions and the representations of middle-class girlhood across this time period. Our focus is on stories set in schools or colleges. We hope to continue this study with an examination of American and British career novels. We will explore the complex question of how essential and constructed aspects of girlhood intertwine in these genres that carried immense appeal to their readers and functioned as an important means of informal education.